10 small yet beautiful countries in the world

Photo: travelTasty

There are 196 countries in the world today. Unless you don’t count Taiwan as it is not considered an official country by many. This list includes some of the most beautiful and famous Islands on earth, plus some of the unknown yet very beautiful places as well. Some of these mini-countries are among the richest, most remote yet awesome places in the world.

Palau (465.6 km² Country in Oceania) 

Photo: Charly W. Karl/Flickr (CC BY-ND 2.0)

This country contains approximately 340 islands, the most populous  of them is Koror, which contains about 70% of the population of the country. The islands include four kinds of topographical formations: volcanic, high limestone, low platform, and coral atoll.

Palau is most famous for scuba diving and snorkeling with jellyfishes. These jellyfish’s have evolved away their stingers in the absence of predators.

Population:

Approximately 21,291 (2015)

Languages:  

  • English is the official language in all of Palau’s 16 states, however only 10% of the population speaks english.
  • Malayo-Polynesian is the most famous and spoken language (65%), which is related to Indonesian.
  • Palauan is used, in addition to English in many states.
  • Sonsorolese is official in the state of Sonsoral.
  • Anguar and Japanese in the state of Anguar.
  • Tobi in the state of Tobi.
  • Yet Filipino, ChineseCarolinian and some other Asian languages are also spoken in some parts of the country. 

Grenada (348.5 km²)

Photo: Dr kreative/ CC BY 3.0

Grenada! also known as “The Island of Spice.” It’s the world’s largest producer of nutmeg and mace crops. It is said that one can really can smell the nutmeg in the air when in Grenada. This country is beautiful and thus very touristy. Tourism is Grenada’s main economic force.

Population:

Approximately 106,825 (2015)

Languages:  

  • English is the country’s official language.
  • Grenadian Creole English and Grenadian Creole French are the the main spoken language. 

Malta (316 km)

Photo: travelTasty

It is one of the world’s most densely populated countries with respect to area. The capital of Malta is Valletta, which at 0.8 km2, is the smallest national capital in the European Union. The archipelago consists of three islands: Malta, Gozo and Comino. 

Malta gets more than 300 sunny days a year and is surrounded by clear blue water and beautiful beaches. Thus tourism is an important sector of earning for most of the countries residents. 

Population:

Approximately 431,333 (2015)

Languages:  

  • The official languages of Malta are Maltese (a language of Semitic origin written in the Latin script) and English.

Maldives (298 km²)

Photo: Shahee IIyas\ CC BY-SA 3.0

The Maldives is a tropical nation in the Indian Ocean. It is the smallest country in Asia in terms of area and population. It is composed of 26 ring-shaped atolls, which are made up of more than 1,000 coral islands. 

As considered by many! a luxurious location, with stunning white-sand beaches and an amazing underwater world make it an obvious choice for many honeymooners all around the world. 

Population:

Approximately 409,163 (2015)

Languages:  

  • Dhivehi is the main language spoken in Maldives, it involves the use of many English, Hindi and Arabic words.
  • English is also recognized as the second main language in the country.

Niue (261.5 km² Island country)

Photo: Msdstefan/CC BY-SA 3.0

Known for its limestone cliffs and coral-reef dive sites, Niue is located in the South Pacific Ocean. Migrating whales swim in Niue’s waters between July and October and attract a lot of tourists. 

Unlike most Pacific islands, there are no long, white sandy beaches, only tiny, secluded, white sand beaches. But the plus point is these tiny beaches have the cleanest and the clearest waters that might be yours for the whole day :).

Population:

Approximately 1,612 (2016)

Languages:  

  • English (with New Zealand accent) is widely spoken.
  • Niuean (increasingly falling out)

Saint Kitts and Nevis (261 km² Country in the Caribbean)

Photo: kayokayo\CC BY SA-3.0

Saint Kitts and Nevis is a dual-island nation situated between the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea. These two islands were some of the first islands to be colonized by Europeans. 

Considered perfect for fascinating diving sites due to abundant marine life, these islands also attract a lot of tourists. 

The dormant Mount Liamuiga volcano in Saint kitts is home to many green vervet monkeys. 

Population:

Approximately 55,572 (2015)

Languages:  

  • English is the sole official language.

Liechtenstein (160 km)

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Located between Austria and Switzerland and known for its medieval castles, alpine landscapes and villages which are linked by a network of trails. This tiny, beautiful country offers the most wonderful things to see and do. 

Population:

Approximately 37,531 (2015)

Languages:  

  • German is the official language.
  • Italian and Turkish are also spoke in the country by some people. 

San Marino (60 km)

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San Marino is a micro-state,  completely enclaved within Italy. It is known to be one of the world’s oldest republics and retains much of its historic architecture. The capital city also known as San Marino sits on the slopes of Monte Titano.

Population:

Approximately 31,781 (2015)

Languages:  

  • Sammarinese is spoken by approximately 83% of the population.
  • Italian is also the language of everyday use.
  • Many locals also speak English as a third language. 

Tuvalu (26 km² Country in Oceania)

Photo: INABA Tomoaki\CC BY SA-2.0

Located in the Pacific Ocean. It was formerly known as the Ellice Island. It’s 9 islands comprise small, thinly populated atolls and reef islands with palm-fringed beaches. 

Due to the country’s remoteness, tourism is not significant. Thus it remains one of the least visited countries in the world. 

Population:

Approximately 9,916 (2015)

Languages:  

  • Tuvaluan
  • English

Nauru (21 km² Country in Oceania)

Photo Courtesy- U.S. Department of Energy’s Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program

Located in the northeast of Australia, Nauru is the smallest island country in the world. It was also known as Australia’s dumping ground for refugees. Once known for phosphate mining, it is now a quiet island also off the radar of tourists like Tuvalu. 

Population:

Approximately 10,084 (2011)

Languages:  

  • Nauruan or Nauru language
  • English

Principality of Seborga (14 kmFantasy state)

Photo: Davide Papalini\CC BY-SA 3.0

The Principality of Seborga is a fantasy state, located in the northwestern Italian Province of Imperia in Liguria. It’s a hilltop village overlooking the Italian Riviera and had proclaimed itself as a self-governing principality from about half a century.

Population:

Approximately 360 (last)

Languages:  

  • Italian 

Monaco (2.02 km²)

Photo: Tobi 87/CC BY-SA 3.0

Monaco can lay claim to being the world’s wealthiest place with the average GNI per person being over 160,000. Monaco is known as a playground for the rich and famous.

This tiny principality is ruled by the Grimaldi family since 1297. People native to Monaco are called Monegasque, whereas a person born in a foreign country but resident in Monaco is a Monacoian. Though the population is made up mostly of wealthy foreigners.

Though Monaco is famous for its casino in Monte Carlo, however! the residents of Monaco are not allowed to gamble or even enter the casino. 

Population:

Approximately 37,731 (2015)

Languages:  

  • French is the official language.
  • Monégasque is the traditional national language of the Monegasque people (21% of the population).
  • Standard Italian is also a major language in Monaco.
  • English
  • Occitan (Lenga d’òc) has also traditionally been spoken in Monaco, particularly when it covered a larger geographical territory, but is rarely used today. 

Vatican City (0.44 km2)

Photo: PabloCabezos\CC BY 2.0

Home to the largest church in the world! St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican is also known as the Holy See. Located within the Italian capital city of Rome, it is the hub of the Catholic Church. 

Population:

Approximately 840 (2016)

Languages:  

The Vatican Constitution has established no official language by law, however many languages are used within the state. The Holy See itself mainly uses Latin for documenting. Other languages include:

  • French
  • Italian
  • German

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